MAC: Mines and Communities

Congolese victims strike Anvil in Canada

Published by MAC on 2010-11-16
Source: Statement, Canadian Press

A class action suit has been filed in Canada against a domestic company, accused of complicity in one of the worst recorded atrocities of the recent bloody conflicts in DR Congo.

It is alleged that, in 2004, Anvil Mining (then listed on the Australian stock exchange) provided logistical support from its Dikulushi mining project to the Congolese army, which proceeded to murder more than 70 unarmed citizens in a nearby town.

Although Anvil Mining remains highly active in DR Congo, the Dikulushi operations are now in the hands of an Australian mining outfit, Mawson West, following a transaction brokered by Sydney-based Pacific Resources Capital Management. See:



Congolese victims file class action against Canadian mining company

Canadian Center for International Justice

8 November 2010

Montreal, Canada. An association representing Congolese citizens filed a class action today in a Montreal court against Canadian company Anvil Mining Limited.

It is alleged that the company, by providing logistical assistance, played a role in human rights abuses, including the massacre by the Congolese military of more than 70 people in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2004.

The citizens have brought the claim through an association of relatives of victims and survivors which is supported by a coalition of Canadian, international and Congolese non-government organizations.

"This case is now in Canada because Anvil is a Canadian company, and must be held accountable for any role it played in what were clear and egregious violations of human rights," said Matt Eisenbrandt, Legal Coordinator of the Canadian Centre for International Justice.

"Every day is a struggle to survive and we feel abandoned," said one of the group members, Dickay Kunda, whose father was badly beaten and tortured while in military custody. Though released after six months, his father died in November 2009. "We have no option but to turn to the international community for justice."

The group, the Canadian Association against Impunity, alleges that in October 2004 Anvil provided trucks, drivers, and other logistical support to the Congolese military to help them counter an attempt by a small group of rebels to take over the town of Kilwa, a key port for Anvil's operations. In the course of this operation, serious human rights violations were reportedly perpetrated against the civilian population by the military.

Anvil's vehicles transported Congolese soldiers, as well as civilians who were allegedly taken outside the town and executed by the military. The group also alleges that Anvil allowed soldiers to use planes leased by the company to reach Kilwa from Lubumbashi, the capital of Katanga province.

"Anvil's material support enabled the Congolese army to reach the remote town of Kilwa at top speed - where they then carried out widespread abuses against the civilian population," said Tricia Feeney, Director of UK-based Rights and Accountability in Development (RAID). Anvil Mining has denied any allegations of wrongdoing and asserts that its logistical support was requisitioned by the authorities.

The Canadian action follows a controversial military trial in the Congo. In 2006, a Congolese military prosecutor indicted nine Congolese soldiers for war crimes, and three expatriate former employees of Anvil for complicity in war crimes. Following numerous irregularities, in June 2007 the military tribunal acquitted all the defendants.

"It was profoundly disappointing that the heavily-politicised trial in Congo failed to deliver justice for the victims. We hope that this case will set a precedent and send a clear message to corporations that they cannot enjoy impunity if they take part in, or benefit from, violent crimes," said Seema Joshi, Legal Advisor at London-based Global Witness.

"We must continue to fight against impunity. The victims' families have never lost hope of seeing justice being done," said Emmanuel Umpula Nkumba, Executive Director of ACIDH, a Congolese advocacy group that has been supporting the victims.

A UN report published in August cited the Anvil case as a prime example of how justice is often not done in the Congo. Less than two weeks ago, the House of Commons in Canada defeated legislation that would have created a mechanism for individuals to complain about actions of Canadian companies overseas.

"It has been a long hard road to justice and we are not there yet", said Georges Kapiamba, Vice president of Congolese organisation ASADHO, and the main lawyer working with the families of the Kilwa victims and survivors in the Congo. "We sincerely hope the Canadian courts will give the victims the hearing they deserve."

The claimants are represented by the Montreal law firm Trudel and Johnston, which specializes in class actions.

The claim represents assertions that have not yet been proven in court. Anvil will have the opportunity to respond in these proceedings.


For more information, please contact:

Matt Eisenbrandt, Canadian Centre for International Justice (CCIJ), (English): +1 613 218 9909 (in Canada)

Editor's Notes:

1. Members of the Canadian Association against Impunity include Congolese citizens affected by the events which unfolded in Kilwa in October 2004. Representatives of the organisations RAID, ACIDH, Global Witness and CCIJ, act as Board Members of this association.

2. Additional press materials include: a timeline, backgrounder and document titled Kilwa Trial: A Denial of Justice, A Chronology October 2004-July 2007 which can be accessed at:


3. A discussion event on the class action will be held in London, UK, on November 18th, 2010. Please contact RAID or Global Witness for more details.

4. UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "Report of the Mapping Exercise documenting the most serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law committed within the territory of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between March 1993 and June 2003", August 2010.

5. Another global study released in October found that Canadian mining companies were involved in more environmental, human rights and other abuses than companies from other countries. For more information on the global study see: "Corporate Social Responsibility: Movements and Footprints of Canadian Mining and Exploration Firms in the Developing World," Canadian Centre for the Study of Resource Conflict, October 2009 accessible at:

6. Anvil Mining admits having given "logistical support" in the form of the use of its chartered planes, vehicles and drivers to enable the military to gain access to Kilwa to quell a minor uprising that occurred in October 2004. In 2005 Anvil stated that it was compelled to provide this assistance. In June 2007 Anvil Mining's employees and nine Congolese soldiers were found not guilty of war crimes or other crimes relating to the incident. The Congolese military court accepted Anvil Mining's defence that it had acted in the framework of a requisition from the Governor of Katanga.

For more information about the case -

Demande de recours collectif contre Anvil Mining avec Presse canadienne

9 novembre 2010

La société minière canadienne Anvil Mining fait l'objet d'une requête en recours collectif pour son rôle lors d'une intervention armée qui a mené au massacre de 70 personnes en République démocratique du Congo, en 2004. Cette requête a été déposée lundi à Montréal en Cour supérieure par des proches des victimes.

Cette association de citoyens congolais reproche à Anvil Mining son intervention dans un affrontement survenu dans le village de Kilwa, où l'entreprise exploite une mine de cuivre.

Ils allèguent qu'Anvil Mining a offert un soutien logistique à l'armée congolaise qui tentait de réprimer un soulèvement dans la région en 2004. Les affrontements auraient entraîné la mort de 70 personnes, selon les requérants. Des centaines d'individus auraient été battus, torturés et violés.

Anvil Mining aurait fourni des avions, des camions et des chauffeurs afin de déployer les soldats de l'armée congolaise et de transporter les victimes. Par la suite, la société n'aurait pas dénoncé le comportement de l'armée aux autorités canadiennes et internationales.

De son côté, la minière affirme que son soutien logistique a été requis par les autorités sans qu'elle puisse intervenir, et rejette toute accusation. Elle souligne d'ailleurs qu'à la suite d'un procès militaire tenu au Congo en 2007, neuf soldats et trois de ses anciens employés avaient été acquittés des accusations relativement à ces événements de Kilwa en 2004.

L'association de citoyens congolais à l'origine de la requête en recours collectif réclame des dommages non spécifiés de la part d'Anvil Mining. Elle soutient que le système judiciaire canadien reste sa dernière chance d'obtenir réparation.

Le mois dernier, un rapport dévoilait que les compagnies minières canadiennes étaient responsables d'un tiers des violations au chapitre de l'environnement et des droits de la personne commises par l'industrie minière dans le monde.

Récemment, le projet de loi C-300, qui aurait durci les règles pour les minières canadiennes ayant des activités à l'étranger, a été battu à la Chambre des communes.

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