MAC: Mines and Communities

Global Protests Target Inco - Word Day of Action Against Inco

Published by MAC on 2003-10-07

Global Protests Target Inco

Communities around the world organize united front against Nickel Giant

For Immediate Release - October 7, 2003

Toronto, Ontario - Communities around the world are joining forces today in the first ever global day of action against Canadian mining giant Inco Limited. The World Unites Against Inco is the first time Inco has had to face united opposition in most of the areas where it operates.

Protest activities are taking place in the Canadian communities of Port Colborne, Sudbury and Toronto, Ontario; Thompson, Manitoba; St. John's, Newfoundland; Halifax, Nova Scotia; and on Prince Edward Island. Abroad, activities are planned in Indonesia, New Caledonia (Goro), Guatemala, New York, London, England, Australia, Japan and Wales. Communities are demanding that Inco take responsibility for the environmental and health impacts of its mining.

"Inco remains the worst mining polluter in Canada. Inco has also left a legacy of pollution and environmental destruction around the world," said Dr. Rick Smith, Executive Director, Environmental Defence Canada. "For the first time communities are joining together to form a united network against Inco. The opportunities to share knowledge, technical information and strategies creates a very powerful new tool."

The company already faces many challenges resulting from its inferior environmental practices. In Canada, families in Port Colborne, Ontario launched a $750 million class-action lawsuit against Inco for years of toxic nickel pollution that has contaminated their homes, schoolyards and playgrounds. Residents in Sudbury are now discovering their soil has also been heavily polluted, much like Port Colborne. Major studies are underway and Inco faces significant potential liability.

In other countries, Inco's record on indigenous land claims and human rights issues also threatens the company. Major new native land claims in Indonesia may well curtail or halt the company's operations in that country. The Goro project in New Caledonia, already delayed due to labour unrest and large cost overruns, may soon be further undermined by a new campaign to have the island's coral reef system declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, significantly limiting development.

"It's a disgrace," said Bruno Van Petehgem, a community leader in New Caledonia who received a Goldman Environmental Prize for his efforts to protect the reef system. "The big companies come here because there are no rules. Just money."

Protest activities vary from area to area. In Canada, protestors have organized various activities at the campus of Memorial University in St. John's, Newfoundland, including outdoor theatre, a vigil, an evening teach-in and film screening. In Sudbury, the local chapter of the "Raging Grannies" will be protesting at Inco main plant gates. In New York City, a meeting of Wall Street financial analysts that Inco Chairman and CEO Scott Hand will be addressing has been targeted.

"All of these activities are intended to let the world know just what kind of corporate citizen Inco really is," said Diana Wiggins, a Port Colborne resident and organizer of the day of action. "By coming together around the world, we believe we can be much more effective in making governments, the public and investors aware of how socially and environmentally irresponsible Inco has been. Inco has a simple choice. It can either continue to be one of the world's worst mining companies and face increasing organized opposition, or it can clean up its act."

Updates from the World Unites Against Inco events and further background information are available online at and

About Environmental Defence Canada

Founded in 1984, Environmental Defence Canada ( provides Canadians with the tools and knowledge they need to protect and improve the environment and their health. We are a national, charitable organization committed to engaging the public, finding solutions, and protecting the environmental rights of future generations.

Environmental Defence Canada has been assisting families in Port Colborne, Ontario for more than two years in their fight to require Inco to clean up its pollution legacy in the town.

For more information, please contact:
Jennifer Foulds, Communications Director, Environmental Defence Canada, 416-323-9521 ext. 232,

Elizabeth Chiu, Communications Officer, Environmental Defence Canada, 416-323-9521 ext. 222,

The World Unites Against Inco: Backgrounder

Inco Limited is a Canadian-based global company and the world's second largest producer of nickel. Inco also produces copper, cobalt and precious and platinum-group metals. Based on the latest data filed by the company with the Government of Canada, Inco has also been identified as the worst mining polluter in Canada, emitting toxins at more than twice the rate of any other mining company in the country. While it produces three times as much nickel as its nearest competitor, Falconbridge, it emits more than 13 times as much environmental pollution.

Inco's Primary Activities in Canada

The Sudbury Mining and Processing Operations is located in Sudbury, Ontario. This facility opened in 1902. It is the largest fully integrated mining, milling, smelting and refining complex in Canada and one of the largest in the world, employing 3,300 workers. Sudbury residents have raised many environmental concerns around toxic pollution in soil, water and air. Levels far in excess of environmental guidelines now have leaked into the soil in many areas. The pollution from Inco's operations covers hundreds of square kilometers. Major studies are currently underway to determine the extent and danger posed by this contamination to the ecosystem and human health, and Inco may be liable for huge monetary damages and/or remediation. In September 2003, Inco's unionized work force announced strong opposition to the current plan to address the pollution issues.

The Port Colborne Refinery, located in Port Colborne, Ontario, has been in operation since 1918. Currently, the facility refines cobalt and precious metals, and packages and distributes finished nickel products. Between 1918 and 1984, the facility refined nickel, releasing approximately 16 million kilograms of nickel oxide; a substance identified as a known human carcinogen by the Canadian Government and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The soil on properties has been found to contain nickel levels up to 55 times higher than government guidelines for human health. Recent testing by Inco has revealed that air inside homes had nickel concentrations of more than 290 times above current government standards. Inco is now the subject of government orders to clean up these properties, and a proposed $750 million class action lawsuit is currently before the courts.

The Thompson Mine, located in Thompson, Manitoba, employs 1,400 people and produces electrolytic nickel products. Investigations into the amount of damage caused by Inco's operations are now beginning.

The Voisey's Bay Nickel Company Limited operates from sites located in Argentia, Newfoundland and Voisey's Bay, Labrador. In June 2002, Inco reached an agreement with the Newfoundland government after six years of struggling with authorities, the Inuit, Innu, and other residents opposed to the exploration of their natural environment. Inco plans to use a hydromet refining process and claims that it is safer and cleaner than current technologies. The process though, is still unproven. An initial hydromet project in Argentia recently received an exemption from environmental assessment requirements, and an environmental management plan and other key documents have not been made public. A recent campaign has forced government officials to agree to release documents, opening the door for further investigations.

Selected Inco Activities Around the World


The PT Inco mining operations officially opened in 1977 and cover vast tracts of land in three provinces on the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia. Inco Limited owns 58 per cent. The environment in Sorowako, South Sulawesi has been substantially degraded as a result of PT Inco's mine and smelter. There are high incidences of asthma and other respiratory diseases in the community especially among children. Run-off from PT Inco's mining and smelting operations is also polluting lakes and rivers. Numerous fish have been killed and deformities have been reported. PT Inco is also facing numerous land claims based on the rights of indigenous peoples, none of which have been resolved. As a result of the communities voicing their concerns and demands, they face higher military police presence and repression. Almost 47% of Inco's contract of work area in Indonesia is located in protected forest reserves. Indonesia's Forestry Act No. 41 bans open-pit mining in protected forests. Inco is part of an international mining lobby group set on changing over 11.4 million hectares of protected forest in Indonesia into mining areas.

New Caledonia / Goro

Goro Nickel Project, on the South Pacific Island of New Caledonia, is a key part of Inco's growth strategy. Goro is believed to have the best undeveloped nickel orebody in the world, with up to 30 per cent of the world's nickel reserves. Residents and experts fear that mine waste will end up flowing into coral lagoons, destroying the New Caledonia coral reef system. The people of New Caledonia recently launched a campaign to have their coral reef system, second in size only to Australia's Great Barrier Reef, added to the UNESCO World Heritage list. Inco stopped construction last December due to disputes between local unions and landowners, and a massive increase in construction costs. Inco does not yet have a permit to operate the plant once it is built.


The mining of refined nickel in Guatemala began in 1960. The company was registered under the name of EXMIBAL - a subsidiary owned 70 per cent by Inco. In August 1965, the Guatemalan government granted EXMIBAL a 40-year mining concession, renewable for an additional 20 years. Later, EXMIBAL was granted three more concessions. EXMIBAL's exploration led to widespread protests among Guatemalans who were opposed to what they felt to be the government's sale of non-renewable resources for political gain. Widespread human rights abuses are now well documented by organizations such as Amnesty International. In 1980, EXMIBAL reduced production by 50%. Finally in 1983, citing rising oil costs and dropping nickel prices, the company closed operations. Plant installations have remained inactive ever since. Local communities are now demanding land be cleaned up and returned to them. There have been fears that operations may re-open in the foreseeable future and groups are organizing to oppose further development.

Visit for more information on Inco's activities in Canada and around the world.

FIRST ANNUAL "WORLD UNITES AGAINST INCO" (2003) Request signing of the following letter..


WHEREAS INCO LIMITED, its subsidiaries and partners have conducted mining and mining related activities in countries around the world.

AND WHEREAS INCO LIMITED, its subsidiaries and partners recognize the value of human life, human rights and the natural environment.

INCO LIMITED HEREBY ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES to respect and uphold the following fundamental principles and values in all areas of the world where INCO Limited, its subsidiaries or partners operate.

1. HUMAN RIGHTS - INCO Limited acknowledges and agrees to uphold the basic human right to life, liberty, human dignity and respect for all persons.

2. INDIGENOUS RIGHTS - INCO Limited acknowledges and agrees to honour and respect the rights of indigenous peoples to ownership of their lands and to uphold and promote their values and cultures.

3. ENVIRONMENTAL RIGHTS - INCO Limited acknowledges and agrees to uphold the global right to a clean and healthy planet. Where operations in the past have caused harm, INCO Limited agrees to fully and fairly remediate and/or compensate those peoples and lands affected. Where operations now and in the future have the potential to impact humans or the natural environment, INCO Limited agrees to apply the precautionary principle in all of its decisions, and to work with each community where it has operated, currently operates or intends to operate to minimize or eliminate the impacts of its operations.



Scott Hand


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