MAC: Mines and Communities

Northern Dynasty & Anglo American Establish 50:50 Partnership to Advance Pebble Project to Prod

Published by MAC on 2007-07-31

Northern Dynasty & Anglo American Establish 50:50 Partnership to Advance Pebble Project to Production

Renewable Resources Coalition

31st July 2007

Northern Dynasty Minerals Ltd announces the signing and completion of a transaction with Anglo American plc, whereby a wholly owned subsidiary of Anglo American ("Anglo") has become a 50% partner with The Northern Dynasty Partnership (a wholly owned affiliate of Northern Dynasty) in a limited partnership with equal rights in the Pebble Copper-Gold-Molybdenum Project (the "Pebble Project") in southwestern Alaska, USA, by making a staged cash investment of US$1.425 billion.

The Pebble Project's key assets are the near surface, 4.1 billion tonne, open pit style Pebble West deposit and the deeper and higher grade 3.4billion tonne Pebble East deposit that is amenable to underground bulk mining methods. The Pebble resources rank among the world's most important accumulations of copper, gold and molybdenum.

The purpose of the strategic partnership is to engineer, permit, construct and operate a modern, long-life mine at the Pebble Project. The transaction agreements lay out a schedule to accomplish this goal, targeting completion of a pre-feasibility study in December 2008, a feasibility study by 2011 and commencement of commercial production by 2015.

Anglo's staged investment includes a committed expenditure of US$125 million to complete a pre-feasibility study targeted at the end of 2008. After the completion of the pre-feasibility study, Anglo must, in order to retain its 50% interest, elect to commit to a further US$325 million for a feasibility study, the completion and approval of which is targeted for 2011, and this is expected to take the partnership to a production decision. Upon the decision to develop a mine, Anglo must elect to commit to the next US$975 million of expenditures to retain its 50% interest, completion of which will meet the US$1.425 billion requirement. Thereafter, any further expenditure will be funded on a 50:50 basis. If the feasibility study is completed after 2011, Anglo's overall funding requirement increases to US$1.5 billion. Northern Dynasty will assess its 50% share of any project debt financing when a production decision is made. The partnership agreement provides for equal project control rights with no operator's fees payable to either party. BMO Capital Markets has provided an opinion to the board of directors that the transaction is fair, from a financial point of view, to Northern Dynasty.

Over the next six months, the partnership will put a management and operating team in place for the Alaskan-based operating company, guided by a board of directors with equal representation from Anglo and Northern Dynasty. In the interim, normal operations will continue.

Cynthia Carroll, CEO of Anglo American, said, "As one of the world's largest copper-gold-molybdenum deposits, Pebble has the potential to be a world-class operation. The project offers Anglo American a unique opportunity to be involved in a very long life, low operating cost mine. We are excited to be initiating operations in the State of Alaska, a jurisdiction known around the world for the responsible development of its natural resources. Like Northern Dynasty, Anglo American is committed to the highest international standards for community relations, environmental protection, and health and safety. We are very pleased to bring these skills and experience to this partnership. We also look forward to working closely with the people of Alaska and, in particular, the communities of the Bristol Bay area and Kenai Peninsula to maximize the value of these resources for all stakeholders, taking into account the positive long-term demand prospects for copper."

Ron Thiessen, President & CEO of Northern Dynasty, stated: "Alaska's environmental standards and permitting requirements are among the most stringent in the world. Northern Dynasty's experienced, largely Alaskan based, mine development team has been undertaking thorough and balanced technical, environmental and social assessments to ensure that the Pebble project is developed in a manner that protects the environment and traditional ways of life. We have sought a partner that shares our approach to development, has the ability to finance, and is an experienced mine operator. Anglo brings commitment and depth in all of these key areas. Our shared goal is to develop a state-of-the-art operation with a high annual metal production profile that will bring direct benefits to the local communities, as well as being a catalyst for sustainable economic development in the region and across the State."

Anglo American plc is one of the world's largest mining and natural resource groups. Based in the United Kingdom, the company has operations in 45 countries across Africa, Europe, Australia, South and North America, and Asia. With its subsidiaries, joint ventures and affiliates, it is a global leader in the production of platinum group metals, gold and diamonds, with significant interests in coal, base and ferrous metals, and industrial minerals: key materials that contribute to improved standards of living. The company is actively involved in two major copper mines, and in advancing two other copper projects.

Northern Dynasty Minerals Ltd. is part of the Hunter Dickinson (HDI) group of companies. HDI is a multi-disciplinary team with expertise in the fields of geoscience, engineering, the environmental sciences, finance and investment, property acquisition, regulatory and government affairs, and community development that provides services to publicly traded companies active around the world in mineral exploration, development and production. Northern Dynasty has a clearly defined, progressive approach predicated on a principle of responsible mineral development


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