Return to the Black MesaPublished by MAC on 2007-01-18
Return to the Black Mesa
18th January 2007
It's the biggest coal strip-mine on earth, operated by the world's number one private coal producer, Peabody.
Eight months ago, the company's plans to re-open a generating station and mine led to vehement protests from Dine (Navajo) and Hopi tribal members. At the centre of the debate is the use of one or more underground aquifers [See: http://www.minesandcommunities.org/Action/press1014.htm]
Last week, the communities met with government to discuss three alternative proposals - one of which was to do precisely nothing, thereby safeguarding rapidly diminishing supplies of water.
Tensions run high at final Black Mesa DEIS hearing
Rebecca Schubert, The Observer (US)
18th January 2007
FLAGSTAFF-Gathering from communities across northern Arizona and beyond people of the many nations including the Hopi, Navajo and U.S. came together to learn and discuss the Office of Surface Mining's Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS). The public meeting was the final in a series of 12 held by the U.S. Department of the Interior Office of Surface Mining (OSM) administrators across northern Arizona.
Approximately 100 individuals were in attendance at the Little America ballroom to share their view of the Black Mesa Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) issued Nov. 22, 2006.
The DEIS includes the initial analysis of the potential impacts of reopening the Mohave Generating Station in Laughlin, Nev. and returning the Black Mesa Project to operation. Within the DEIS, which is more than 750 pages in length, OSM suggests three alternatives including:
1. Alternative A, the "Preferred Alternative"-Approval of the Life of Mine Revision and All Associated Components of the Black Mesa Project. This alternative would add 19,111 acres to the 44,073 existing permit area. A coal-slurry pipeline totaling more than 273 miles would be reconstructed inside the earth through which coal would be moved from the mine to the generating station. To transport this coal, 6,000 acre feet of water per year would be withdrawn from the C-Aquifer; withdrawal from the N-Aquifer would also be permitted as necessary. In addition to this amount, 5,600 acre feet per year would be available to the Hopi and Navajo Tribes for purchase. The proposed well field is near Leupp. These operations would continue through 2026 with reclamation anticipated through 2038.
2. Alternative B-Conditional Approval of the Life of Mine Revision Without Approval of the Black Mesa Mining Operations, Coal-Slurry Pipeline, and C Aquifer Water-Supply System. This alternative would include expansion, but omit the Black Mesa mining operation, coal-slurry pipeline preparation plant and pipeline, coal washing system and C-aquifer water supply system. Operations at the currently-operating Navajo Generating Station near Page would operate through 2026 using N-aquifer water with reclamation and public uses through 2038.
3. Alternative C-Disapproval of the Life of Mine Revision (No Action). Under this alternative, unmined coal resource areas of the operation would not be incorporated in the expanded permit area of the Black Mesa complex and would not be mined. The infrastructure for the operation would be promptly reclaimed and none of the Mohave Generating Station improvements of Alternative A would be made. As in Alternative B, Navajo Generating Station operations would continue through 2026, and 2038, respectively.
The meeting began with an audio-video presentation, which was to be followed by a period of personal questions directed at OSM officials individually. However, the crowd of people requested an open forum in which officials would address the group at large. The speakers from the audience explained that many of the questions were similar in nature, and to save time, it would be most advantageous to address the crowd as a whole.
OSM officials declined the request.
"This is not a public hearing," OSM official Rick Holbrook said. "The purpose of this process is not to discuss the merits of this...it's not to discuss the political processes used."
"I want my voice to be heard. I want my concerns to be heard orally," said one audience member.
A crowd of approximately 50 people jumped to their feet and began demanding a change in the meeting's format.
"Clearly this format isn't working," said Andy Bessler, the Sierra Club's associate regional representative of the Environmental Partnership Program. "What's the benefit of using this format? This format clearly doesn't work."
With the continued refusal, the crowd began to chant "Unfair, Unfair."
"If you think this is unfair, then don't be here," Holbrook said.
Holbrook and OSM leader Dennis Winterringer backed away from the crowd and invited them again to ask questions on an individual basis or have their comments recorded by one of the two typists who were taking written comments. Winterringer and Holbrook then moved to the opposite side of the room.
"This is a direct assault on citizens here. This is a way to make a meeting not happen," said another crowd member.
The crowd then approached the typists and began to recite comments before the entire audience so that everyone in attendance could hear, and so that each comment would simultaneously be typed and become part of the OSM record.
"I want it noted in the public record the inadequacies of this public hearing, the fact that I want to be able to address not only OSM, but also the Navajo Tribal officials, SRP, and I don't know where they are in this type of format. I have to go look at someone's little nametag and hunt them down to be able to get my questions answered. So this format is not working," Enei Begaye said.
Through these actions, it became clear that the majority of people in attendance were in opposition to the DEIS, as well as the Preferred Alternative.
In addition to the multiple individuals voicing opinions against the DEIS, the public hearing schedule and the meeting format, were those unfamiliar with the DEIS, as well as those in support of it.
Becky Daggett of Friends of Flagstaff's Future was there to learn of the DEIS. According to Daggett, her group has yet to discuss the impacts of the Black Mesa mining proposals. Daggett was in attendance to understand the issues surrounding the proposals and deliver the information to her group.
Also there as an interpreter of the events, but also in support of the Preferred Alternative and a OSM liaison was Jerry R. Sekayumptewa, Hopi Tribal Council Member from the village of Mishongonvi. Sekayumptewa explained that he and his village were not affected negatively by the OSM schedule, as they are currently in a social calendar cycle.
"I can only speak for Second Mesa," he said. "My job is to be here, to record what is happening and take this information back to the people. The way this affects people depends on the village and which cycle they are in."
Sekayumptewa, who is part of the Hopi Water and Energy Committee voiced his support of the use of the C-Aquifer and N-Aquifer and the reopening of the Mohave Generating station due to the dollars it may bring to the Hopi nation.
"We've been drawn into this capitalistic society and we can't get away from it," he said. Sekayumptewa said that in his younger years he most likely would have been in opposition to the mining and water use. However, he has come to believe that someday all the resources in the Hopi community will be used and extinguished.
"There's nothing I can do about it," he said.
n contrast, former Hopi Chairman and founder of the Black Mesa Trust Vernon Masayesva spoke vehemently against the use of the C and N Aquifers and explained the mass opposition to the pipeline and reopening of the Mohave Generating station in many Hopi communities.
"Tonight there are people praying in the Kivas for rain to recharge the aquifers as they have done for generations," Masayesva said.
The public meetings have now concluded, and Holbrook assured those in attendance, as well as the Navajo Hopi Observer that no further meetings would be held. Even so, individuals have until Feb. 6 to submit comments on the DEIS to OSM.
Further information concerning the DEIS and the proposed plan can be accessed at: http://www.wrcc.osmre.gov/WR/BlackMesaEIS.htm
Questions and comments can be directed to Dennis Winterringer, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, P.O. Box 46667, Denver, CO, 80201-6667; by phone at 303-844-1400 ext. 1440; or by email at BMKEIS@osmre.gov
To learn more about Black Mesa Trust visit www.blackmesawatercoalition.org or call (928) 213-9760.
Related Links: / • Black Mesa Draft EIS / • Black Mesa Trust