MAC: Mines and Communities

A small, small step in the right direction for Peru's mining industry

Published by MAC on 2012-09-04
Source: Reuters (2012-08-29)

But major flaws persist

Peru's president Ollanta Humala is taking steps to change the mining industry in Peru that will hopefully contribute to reducing mining-related conflicts in the country.

Carlos Monge, from the network of Globilisation with Equality, writes in Diario La Primera that "this is a small step with many more steps yet to go if we want to speak of a new mining in Peru".

He explains that, while the proposed Law would give the Ministry of the Environment (MINAM) power to approve an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), the Ministry of Finance (MEF), would still play a role in the approval process.

In other words, according to Monge, it is like telling the mining companies, "dont worry, even in the EIA's are given to the MINAM we still have the MEF  to ensure projects are approved".

The new Law also proposes that the EIA approval process be speeded up, without any reference to the role of regional governments and the Territorial Zoning Law.

Nor is there reference to how this new Law would comply with the Consultation Law that requires community consultation, prior to EIA approval.

Peru may give environment ministry more power over new mines
Reuters
29 August, 2012

(Reuters) - President Ollanta Humala has sent a bill to Congress that would give the environment ministry more power to approve or reject new mines in Peru, an overhaul that critics say is long overdue.

Peru, a top global metals exporter, has a pipeline of new mining projects worth $50 billion.

Local communities who say new mines would cause pollution or hurt water supplies have complained for years that the existing model for approving mines was flawed: the mining ministry alone is tasked with both promoting mining investment and approving the environmental impact studies for new mines.

The proposed law would change that, putting the environment ministry, which has only existed for a few years, in charge of a new commission to approve mitigation plans. The commission will include representatives from several ministries.

"This is important advancement for environmental management by the public sector," Environment Minister Manuel Pulgar Vidal said on RPP radio.

Humala, while backing foreign investments, has struggled to defuse hundreds of social conflicts nationwide over mining and oil projects since he took office a year ago.

Many communities say they have been left behind by the country's decade-long boom and have not seen direct economic benefits from new mines.

Humala has vowed to ensure environmental standards are met and to cut rural poverty.

"This will help create what the president has called a 'new relationship' with extractive industries," Prime Minister Juan Jimenez said of the bill.

(Reporting By Terry Wade and Omar Mariluz; Editing by Tim Dobbyn)

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