DRC: Mining giant Glencore accused in child labour and acid dumping rowPublished by MAC on 2012-04-24
Source: Observer, Reuters (2012-04-14)
For an earlier article on Glencore's operations in Zambia, see: Zambia shuts Mopani Copper plant on pollution violations
Mining giant Glencore accused in child labour and acid dumping row
London-listed company denies polluting river in Congo and profiting from children working underground.
By John Sweeney
14 April 2012
Glencore, the commodity and mining firm worth £27bn, stands accused in the Democratic Republic of the Congo of dumping raw acid and profiting from children working 150ft underground.
|Reporter John Sweeney and village children inspect the polluted
Luilu river in Katanga province, DRC. Photograph: Observer
The revelations come as the notoriously secretive Swiss-based company, which floated on the London Stock Exchange last year, seeks to merge with mining firm Xstrata in a £50bn-plus deal. When Glencore floated in London, five of its partners became billionaires, but the biggest winner was Glencore's chief executive, Ivan Glasenberg, whose stake is worth £4bn. The company was founded in 1974 by Marc Rich, once one of the FBI's 10 most wanted fugitives, but now pardoned and outside Glencore.
In his first television interview, Glasenberg said that Glencore took corporate responsibility seriously, saying: "We care about the environment. We care about the local communities."
But an investigation by the BBC's Panorama has found Glencore dumping acid into a river and it discovered children as young as 10 working in the Tilwezembe mine, which was officially closed by Glencore in 2008. International law prohibits anyone under 18 working in a mine. Undercover researchers at Tilwezembe found under-18s who climbed down hand-dug mineshafts 150ft deep without safety or breathing equipment to dig copper and cobalt.
Glencore's flotation prospectus says it stopped operating at the mine in 2008 because of a fall in the price of copper. The metal has since bounced back to record highs. In the meantime, the mine has been taken over by a local firm that pays artisanal or freelance miners, including under-18s, fixed prices for copper-ore nuggets. Glencore still owns the concession and plans to restart mining.
The number of accidents at Tilwezembe is extraordinarily high: Panorama was told that 60 miners died there last year, making the mine one of the most dangerous in the world.
Glasenberg said: "We definitely do not profit from child labour in any part of the world. This is adhered to strictly." The child miners were part of a group of artisanal miners whom Glasenberg said "raided our land in 2010 against all of our authorisation. We are pleading with the government to remove the artisanal miners from our concession".
But there is strong evidence that Glencore receives copper indirectly from the child labour mine. Panorama tracked a lorry laden with copper from Tilwezembe for 27 hours to a plant run by a major Glencore partner in Congo, Groupe Bazano. Copper from the Bazano plant has then been sent to Glencore's smelter in Zambia, according to documents obtained by the programme.
Glencore denies buying the metal from Bazano. On the issue of whether copper from Tilwezembe goes to the Bazano plant, Glasenberg said: "I don't know what the Bazano plant does. We don't buy copper from Groupe Bazano."
Asked if Glencore had taken copper in the past from Groupe Bazano, Glasenberg replied: "No, we don't buy copper from Groupe Bazano." Told by Panorama there was documentary evidence to the contrary, he said: "It cannot be." Glasenberg said the company operated a strict policy whereby all copper was mined correctly, placed in bags with numbered seals and then sent to the smelter.
For its part, Groupe Bazano said it did not profit from child labour and had not taken copper ore from Tilwezembe since the mine was closed by Glencore.
Glencore is also facing criticism for damaging the environment in Congo. For three years it has run a large copper refinery at Luilu in Katanga province. Ore containing minerals is burnt with acid to free up the copper but the heavily polluted waste has been pumped straight into the Luilu river.
Glencore's acid waterfall stank of toxic fumes when I visited it a few weeks ago. Upstream, the river used by local people to wash and fish was clear; downstream of the Glencore pipe, there was brown sludge. One local complained: "Fish can't survive the acid. Glencore lacks any respect for people. No one would do that to another human being. It's shocking."
A Swiss NGO tested the acidity of the wastewater and found a pH value of 1.9, where 1 is pure acid and 7 neutral.
When I met Glasenberg, I presented him with a bottle of Glencore water from the Luilu river and invited him to wash his hands in it. Expressing no enthusiasm to do so, he said: "Not really. I can see what it is. I have been to that river. That is what people have dumped into the river for 50 years. Not correct. Terrible. That's why Glencore has spent vast amounts of money to get rid of this problem, to ensure clean water ... will be discharged into that river."
Glasenberg admitted that Glencore would have been in trouble if it had dumped acid in the river in Switzerland or the UK. So why has Glencore been polluting a river in Congo for the past three years? "It was impossible to remedy faster," he said. "What else could we do? We have 6,500 employees, the government insists we keep them employed."
Glencore now says the pollution causing the acid waterfall has ended but has made no commitment to compensate the villagers.
Billionaires Behaving Badly? was broadcast by Panorama, BBC1, 16 April 2012 at 8.30pm
Glencore denies employing child-labour in DRC
By Sarah Young
16 April 2012
LONDON - Commodities trader Glencore has denied it employs under-18s working at a copper mine in the Democratic Republic of Congo, saying any mining at the mothballed site is without its authority.
The BBC's Panorama current affairs show, due to be broadcast on Monday, said it had footage of youngsters under the age of 18 working at a mine where Glencore owns a licence to operate.
The company, which floated last year after four decades of closely guarded privacy, said it had stopped work at the mine in 2008.
Glencore's CEO Ivan Glasenberg said in comments released by the BBC and due to be screened on the programme that the child miners were working "against all of our authorisation".
Miners filmed by the BBC at the Tilwezembe mine were part of a group of artisanal miners who had taken over the area in 2010, Glasenberg said.
The company says it plans to resume mining at the site at some point in the future and that in the meantime it is in talks with the government to determine how best to handle what it has called an invasion by artisanal miners.
"We definitely do not profit from child labour in any part of the world. This is adhered to strictly," Glasenberg told the programme.
Liberum analyst Dominic O'Kane said all mining companies faced break-ins by unemployed local people, trying to mine high-grade ore on their licence areas.
"To say they're employed by Glencore or any other mining companies just isn't true," he said, noting that he had not yet seen the documentary.
BBC Panorama, which filmed the programme in the south east of the Democratic Republic of Congo in February, has called the programme "Billionaires Behaving Badly?" and on its website said Glencore stands accused of reckless greed.
The broadcaster also said Glencore was responsible for environmental damage in the African country. It accused Glencore of having pumped acid used in mining into a local river.
Glasenberg, who owns 15.8 percent of Glencore and has a net worth of $7.3 billion according to Forbes, said Glencore had inherited the acid problem when it took control of operations at a refinery in 2009 and had since worked to put in place facilities to end the discharge.
Glencore said that in the last few weeks it had completed the project to end the release of acid into the river.
Shares in Glencore, which is in the process of trying to buy Anglo-Swiss miner Xstrata for $41-billion, traded up 1% to 403.8p at 11:29 GMT, outperforming the European mining index which was 0.5% higher.