MAC/20: Mines and Communities

Anglo American workers and shareholders demand silicosis compensation

Published by MAC on 2012-04-24
Source: Guardian, Reuters

Last week's London Annual General Meeting of Anglo American saw vigorous demands that it compensate thousands of gold miners, allegedly poisoned by the company with silicosis.

For previous article, see: Lawyer prepares silicosis class action suit against top South Africa miners

Anglo American urged to act over tuberculosis claims

Rupert Neate


18 April 2012

A South African miner who claims he contracted tuberculosis as a result of digging gold on behalf of Anglo American will use the FTSE 100 company's annual meeting on Thursday to demand compensation.

Daniel Seabata Thakamakau, who started mining when he was 19
Daniel Seabata Thakamakau, who started mining when he was 19
Photograph: Sarah Lee for the Guardian

Daniel Seabata Thakamakau, 66, will represent more than 1,200 former miners who are suing Anglo American for allegedly failing to provide protection from dangerous levels of dust created by deep-level gold mining between the 1960s and 1990s.

The miners claim that Anglo American South Africa (AASA), a subsidiary of the UK-listed parent, is responsible for them developing silicosis, an incurable lung disease that often leads to tuberculosis. The condition, which is similar to asbestosis contracted by asbestos workers, has been described by South African mining medical expert Prof Tony Davis as a "river of disease flowing out of the South African gold mines".

Leigh Day, the law firm representing the miners – many of whom cannot read and write and signed up to the class action with a thumb print – said the number of claimants could rise to tens of thousands and a potential payout could be worth hundreds of millions.

Anglo denies any liability and points out that it was only a minority owner of the mines and does not currently have any stake in them. It is also disputing the right of the miners to bring the case at the high court in London because the case is against AASA, headquartered in South Africa. A decision on the jurisdiction of the case is expected on 9 May.

Thakamakau, who started mining gold deep underground when he was 19, said he will ask Cynthia Carroll, Anglo American's chief executive, to "find it in her heart to support the miners and our families, and continue to support our families when we are dead".

He said: "While Anglo became rich from the work that we did on their mines, we are now suffering. I have no money and I cannot afford to get medical treatment. All we are asking is for the company to provide medical assistance and our fair compensation."

He claims that less than 15 minutes after explosions were set off to open up new areas of the gold mine, he was sent in to dust-filled tunnels without any respiratory protection, which is against industry best practice. "One day I complained about the amount of dust to the foreman, who called the white boss. He said: 'Do the job or go home.' I continued to work as there was no other option to provide for my family."

Thakamakau, who was paid 1,000 rand (about £100) a month, said he is one of the lucky ones, despite finding it difficult to breathe because his chest is "always burning".

"Three of my five close friends from the mine have already died from the condition," he said. "About 70%-80% of families in my area are headed by women because the men have died, often as a result of mining."

Thakamakau, who spoke to the Guardian via a translator, said that Carroll's £2.2m total pay package last year "shows that they can afford to help".

Richard Meeran, a partner at Leigh Day who is bringing the case on behalf of the miners, said three out of 18 claimants in a separate legal action in South Africa have already died from the condition. "Anglo have examined the other 15, and five were hospitalised immediately," he said.

Meeran said AASA recruited hundreds of thousands of labourers from across South Africa, Lesotho, Botswana and Malawi during apartheid. He claims that white managers were rarely sent down deep mineshafts and were provided with considerably more respiratory protection than their black colleagues.

He said the threat of silicosis, particularly from gold mining, has been "known for a century" and claimed the miners are the victims of the industry's "flagrant disregard for the health of its black workers".

"[Anglo] has accumulated massive profits on the backs of black miners, if they are really good corporate citizens – as they claim – they should give assistance to their miners," he said.

Meeren said the case was similar to a successful action against UK multinational Cape over South African miners' exposure to asbestos.

Peter Bailey of South Africa's National Union of Mineworkers claimed Anglo has "done absolutely nothing" to help the miners: "It's time to stop the talking about its moral values, and do something."

A spokesman for Anglo said that while the company contends that it is not in "any way liable" for the claims, it had the "deepest sympathy" for those miners contracted silicosis.

"Anglo American's absolute priority has always been to ensure that our people return home safe and well at the end of every working day and working lifetime. Anglo American does not believe that it is any way liable for the silicosis claims brought by former gold workers and is defending the actions. We do have the deepest sympathy for those miners who have contracted silicosis and we fully support initiatives of the mining industry, labour and government to ensure that sufferers of silicosis receive the proper treatment and statutory compensation and that silicosis amongst mineworkers is ultimately eliminated altogether."

Anglo must act to protect miners' health

Letter to Guardian

18 April 2012

Today, multibillion-dollar company Anglo American holds its AGM in London (Mining giant Anglo fights class action on silicosis, 19 April). Despite its public commitment to corporate social responsibility, including the health of its workers, it has turned its back on thousands of sick gold miners in South Africa, where it built its fortune.

Silicosis is a lung disease caused by prolonged and excessive exposure to dust in underground mines. It greatly raises the risk of contracting tuberculosis, which is endemic in rural South Africa. For at least a century, the gold-mining industry has known about silicosis and what has to be done to prevent it. But in a drive for profit, it has overlooked miners' health and exposed them to the highest dust levels without effective protection.

Published studies (including coverage on a former Anglo mine) have shown an alarmingly high prevalence of silicosis and TB in black miners.

According to eminent medical expert Professor Tony Davies, there is a "river of disease flowing out of the South African gold mines".

Miners with silicosis are unable to continue working. They and their families are left destitute and with poor access to medical facilities, which a senior former Anglo doctor has acknowledged is compounding the problem. It is essential that Anglo assists the miners by establishing a compensation scheme for silicosis sufferers and improving the medical facilities available to ex-miners.

Tony Dykes Action for Southern Africa
Richard Solly London Mining Network
Ruth Tanner War on Want
Meredith Alexander ActionAid

Brazil historic site could trip up big Anglo mine


16 April 2012

RIO DE JANEIRO - Anglo American's plans to open its largest ever iron-ore mine have stumbled over new rulings that will delay preparations to build the mine until it is deemed safe for an archaeological site within its perimeter.

The company is prohibited from undertaking new works at the site of the $5.7-billion project such as clearing vegetation, excavating and removing soil for the opening of the mine. The company had planned to begin that work this month.

The prosecution service of Minas Gerais state says Anglo American's project is destroying the region's archaeological heritage and violating the law while the national heritage organization Iphan has yet to approve the project.

Anglo has failed to meet conditions imposed on its mining license for its project, according to the prosecution, so work has been suspended "until the full execution and completion of archaeological surveys ... and Iphan's express approval."

The mining company can continue to work on pumping stations, a dam and a tailings dam, provided they are not deemed damaging by Iphan, according to the Minas Gerais court.

Also allowed to proceed are construction of a 525 km mineral duct that would carry ore from the mine to a Rio de Janeiro port.

The Minas-Rio duct was acquired from the mining unit of the EBX conglomerate owned by Brazilian billionaire Eike Batista.

Anglo has partnerships with Batista's LLX, a logistics company, and with an iron-ore terminal at the Port of Acu in the north of Rio de Janeiro state, through which it plans to ship production that could reach 90-million tons a year.

That would be roughly a quarter of Brazil's total present iron-ore output.

In a further setback, a license to install a power line to supply the project has also been suspended. Anglo has the option of appealing the ruling.

Anglo says its timetable for the project is unchanged and it will start operations in the second half of 2013. The company plans to invest $2-billion in the project this year.

"The company believes that the Minas-Rio project does not put at risk the artistic and cultural heritage of Conceição do Mato Dentro and Dom Joaquim," the company said in an email in response to questions.

"Anglo American carries out archaeological monitoring at all stages of the project and sends bi-monthly reports to the relevant government agencies," the company said.

Calls to Iphan about the archaeological value of the site were not returned by the time of publication.

Edited by: Reuters

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