quot;Air pollution induces heritable DNA mutations" by Christopher M. Somers, Carole L. Yauk,Published by MAC on 2002-12-09
"Air pollution induces heritable DNA mutations" by Christopher M. Somers, Carole L. Yauk, Paul A. White, Craig L. J. Parfett, and James S. Quinn Published online before print
December 9, 2002, 10.1073/pnas.252499499; Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Vol. 99, Issue 25, 15904-15907, December 10, 2002
Air pollution induces heritable DNA mutations - Christopher M. Somers*, Carole L. Yauk, Paul A. White, Craig L. J. Parfett, and James S. Quinn*,
* Department of Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4K1; and Mutagenesis Section, Environmental and Occupational Toxicology Division, Health Canada, Environmental Health Centre, 0803A, Tunney's Pasture, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0L2 Edited by Richard B. Setlow, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, and approved October 28, 2002 (received for review August 19, 2002)
Hundreds of thousands of people worldwide live or work in close proximity to steel mills. Integrated steel production generates chemical pollution containing compounds that can induce genetic damage (1, 2). Previous investigations of herring gulls in the Great Lakes demonstrated elevated DNA mutation rates near steel mills (3, 4) but could not determine the importance of airborne or aquatic routes of contaminant exposure, or eliminate possible confounding factors such as nutritional status and disease burden. To address these issues experimentally, we exposed laboratory mice in situ to ambient air in a polluted industrial area near steel mills. Heritable mutation frequency at tandem-repeat DNA loci in mice exposed 1 km downwind from two integrated steel mills was 1.5- to 2.0-fold elevated compared with those at a reference site 30 km away. This statistically significant elevation was due primarily to an increase in mutations inherited through the paternal germline. Our results indicate that human and wildlife populations in proximity to integrated steel mills may be at risk of developing germline mutations more frequently because of the inhalation of airborne chemical mutagens.