China's million unkindest cutsPublished by MAC on 2016-03-15
Source: China Labour Bulletin, Mining.com
The Chinese regime's aim to make uprecedented cuts in domestic coal and steel output are the largest such reductions ever planned in the PRC. Ando probably the most most severe announced by any government at one fell-swoop.
As already reported by MAC, the move has triggered vocal opposition by mining unions and other workers, who fear the loss of nearly two million jobs. (See: Millions of Chinese metals and coal workers to lose their jobs)
True, the government has allotted 100 billion yuan (10 yuan = US1.56) by way of compensation.
But China Labour Bulletin says:"[T]here are already signs that state-owned enterprises are trying to cheat workers of their legal entitlements by cutting pay and forcing workers to leave voluntarily so as to avoid paying severance".
As for effecting a "just transition" to alternative sustainable livelihoods - that doesn't appear to be anywhere on the Chinese horizon at present.
China’s miners and steel workers ready to resist inequitable layoffs
China Labour Bulletin
3 March 2016
China’s Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security has announced plans to lay off 1.8 million workers in the steel and coal industries, about 15 percent of the current workforce, over the next few years.
In its latest move in the long push to reform state-owned enterprises (SOEs), the government also stated that it has allotted 100 billion yuan to help compensate laid off workers. If these funds do actually get to the workers who are entitled to them, there is a chance the layoffs will go ahead smoothly but there are already signs that SOEs are trying cheat workers of their legal entitlements by cutting pay and forcing workers to leave voluntarily so as to avoid paying severance.
Hundreds of workers at the state-owned steel firm Ansteel in Guangzhou went on strike on 17 February, shutting down the entire factory of 2,000 workers. Ansteel took over operations of the previously Taiwanese-owned Lianzhong Stainless Steel last year. New Ansteel management began to lay off workers, increase workloads, and put hundreds of workers on leave with little pay.
After the New Year, the company announced a new performance-based pay system and claimed that the company union had approved the plan on behalf of the workers. Hundreds of workers went on strike and organized demonstrations on factory grounds, demanding to sign new contracts with Ansteel. Riot police soon intervened to break up the demonstrations.
A union official was sent to offer concessions, though workers ignored him. In an interview, one worker remarked that the union was “absolutely useless. There is nothing democratic about it.” The strike dwindled under continued police pressure and ended after management promised to revoke the pay system.
Jiangxi coal miners stage strike after being placed on low-paid leave
Coal miners in Anyuan, a former revolutionary base of the Chinese Communist Party in Jiangxi, went on strike this week after being put on leave as management prepares to address overcapacity.
The state-owned Pingxiang Mining Group shut down its coal mines during the Lunar New Year and put workers on leave, paying them just 470 yuan per month. Around 150 workers blocked an intersection in the city of Pingxiang on 29 February. Large numbers of police arrived to clear the protest and reports on social media claimed several workers were beaten and one hospitalized.
The Pingxiang Mining Group released a statement later that day claiming that government officials had arrived on the scene to negotiate and that workers were “basically stable.” The following day however protests grew to several hundred workers marching through streets with banners reading “Workers want to live, workers want to eat”. The company stated it will examine the possibility of reopening the mines later this month.
Chinese coal workers protest unpaid wages
Thousands take to the streets in northeastern city near Siberia
13 March 2015
In what is being seen as a direct challenge to Beijing's authority, thousands of Chinese coal miners have taken to the streets to protest against unpaid wages.
Reuters reports the mob of employees from the Shuangyashan Mine, owned by Longmay Group, have been protesting for three days. They held up banners saying: "We want to live, we want to eat" and "Lu Hao lies with his eyes open" referring to the governor of Heilongjiang province. The workers are angry that they are owed pay and that their wages have been cut from 1,000 yuan a month to 800 yuan.
The protests are a sign that slowing growth and unemployment is causing a problem for Beijing in one of its most important sectors – steelmaking. According to the Financial Times, the Chinese government has said it will set aside $15.4 billion to “resettle” coal and steel workers as part of a plan to cut unproductive capacity in both sectors.
The newspaper quotes statistics saying that for the first two months of 2016, Chinese production of thermal coal and steel both fell 16 percent, while coking coal output dropped 10 percent.
The rapid collapse in the prices of oil and coal, plus inefficiency and overmanning at state-owned enterprises have compounded problems in Heilongjiang province, Reuters said.