Victory! The struggle to protect Koongarra uranium is finally won
A famous Indigenous Peoples battle is over.
One of Australia's largest uranium lodes will not be mined, following the Aboriginal Northern Land Council's decision to include it within the Kakadu National Park.
It's a triumph for Jeffrey Lee, sole survivor of the Djok clan on whose territory the Koongarra deposit is located. See:- Australian aboriginal landowner secures land from uranium mining
But this doesn't necessarily mark the end of northern Aboriginal communities' struggles to protect their country from mining of the nuclear fuel.
In 2004, Rio Tinto signed an agreement with the Mirrar people, undertaking not to commence uranium exploration on the Jabiluka uranium lease without their consent.
Last year however, Mirrar spokesperson Yvonne Margarula expressed concern that the UK-Australian mega-miner may still seek to undermine that agreement. See: Rio Tinto sidesteps questions on Jabiluka uranium
Victory! The struggle to protect Koongarra uranium is finally over
4 June 2012
There was a major victory this week in the struggle to protect the Koongarra uranium deposit in Australia's Northern Territory.
|Hard-fought battle: traditional owner Jeffrey Lee. Photo: ABC TV|
The Northern Land Council, which represents native title claimants in the Arnhem Land region of Northern Territory, announced its decision to extend the boundaries of the world-heritage-listed Kakadu National Park to include the 1,200 hectare uranium deposit.
When the National Park was founded in 1979, the Australian government decided to leave Koongarra out, clearly recognizing the potential market value of the deposit. Located in the heart of Kakadu, the deposit is estimated to hold 14,540 tonnes of uranium ore worth approximately $5 billion.
In 1995, the Koongarra deposit was acquired by the French company AREVA, who has tried several times over the years to access the deposit. Fortunately, they have been blocked each and every time by traditional owners.
AREVA's last big effort focused on whetting the appetite of the current Custodian of Koongarra and the sole survivor of the Djok clan (Gundjeihmi), Mr. Jeffrey Lee.
In 2007, the company told Mr. Lee--who was born the same year the massive uranium deposit was identified, in 1971--that he could be one of the richest men in the world. All he had to do was say "Yes."
He said "No."
Rather than sacrifice the land, Mr. Lee decided to speak out against uranium mining and began his effort to bring Koongarra into Kakadu Park, where, he said at the time, "it will be protected and safe forever".
More recently, in 2011, the French company tried to stop UNESCO from inscribing Koongarra on the World Heritage List. The effort backfired. On June 27, 2011, the World Heritage Committee announced that it would redraw Kakadu's borders to include Koongarra.
At this point, it's still not clear if AREVA will try to reverse the Northern Land Council's decision.
The Mirarr Peoples, meanwhile, continue to look for the day when the nearby Jabiluka uranium deposit will be similarly protected.
They too, have received offers to become billionaires' and they too, have said no, that the uranium should remain undisturbed.
Last year, in the weeks leading up to UNESCO's decision on Koongarra, Mirarr Elder Yvonne Margarula, in a letter to UN Secretary-General Ban ki-Moon, stated,
"For many thousands of years we Aboriginal people of Kakadu have respected sacred sites where special and dangerous power resides. We call these places and this power Ojang. There is Ojang associated with both the Ranger mine area and the site of the proposed Jabiluka mine. We believe and have always believed that when this Ojang is disturbed a great and dangerous power is unleashed upon the entire world. My father warned the Australian Government about this in the 1970s, but no one in positions of power listened to him. We hope that people such as yourself will listen, and act, today."
The respected Elder was lamenting the fact that her father's warning became brutal truth soon after the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011. Indeed, uranium from the Ranger uranium mine--also excised from Kakadu Park--can be traced directly to Fukushima.
It's the nature of Ojang. If left undisturbed, protected by surrounding minerals, it keeps to itself. But once it is exhumed, then it waits for an opportunity, whether it's a tsunami or a careless gesture by some underpaid employee. It doesn't matter what it is, Ojang will seize it. And the consequences will be dire.
It must be left in the ground.
Kakadu victory as uranium mining battle ends
By Emma Masters
1 June 2012
Kakadu National Park in the Northern Territory is set to be expanded, with the inclusion of land previously earmarked for uranium mining.
The Northern Land Council (NLC) has agreed for a 1,200 hectare parcel of land containing rich reserves of uranium to be incorporated in to the park.
It is considered the final step in a long battle that Aboriginal traditional owner Jeffrey Lee has waged to protect his land from mining.
The uranium-rich mining lease Koongarra was excised from Kakadu when the conservation area was established in the late 1970s.
The lease is held by French company Areva, which wanted to mine the area for uranium.
Two years ago, Mr Lee, the sole traditional owner of the land, called on the Federal Government to incorporate it in to Kakadu.
The Government accepted the offer and referred the matter to the NLC.
The NLC conducted consultations and its full council has agreed to endorse Mr Lee's wishes.
The council and land trust will now move to enter an agreement with national parks to incorporate Koongarra into Kakadu.
NT Environment Centre director Stuart Blanch says he welcomes the decision.
"It is a great day," he said.
"It is the right thing to do, and it just shows you some of the great conservation Aboriginal people do here in northern Australia."
It is not known if Areva will attempt to take any action over the decisions.
The existing Ranger uranium mine is located within the boundaries of Kakadu, about 180 kilometres south-east of Darwin.