US citizens face biggest health threat for years, after Republican backlash
US Republican Party-sponsored bills, passed in the last three weeks, pose enormous threats to clean air standards and the health of millions of the country's citizens.
The bills seek to arrest a tightened regulation of ash disposal from coal-fired power plants; would allow continued air pollution from incinerators and industrial boilers; fail to curb emissions of mercury and other toxics from cement furnaces; and permit air pollution from power plants to cross state lines.
Contradicting political and industry arguments that these retrograde measures will save jobs and preserve local economies, recent figures from the US Environmental Protection Agency reveal that a strengthened Clean Air Act would likely "prevent 230,000 premature deaths; 200,000 cases of heart attacks; 2.4 million cases of asthma attacks, 120,000 emergency room visits, and 5.4 million lost school days".
Fight Over EPA Clean Air, Coal Ash Rules Grips Congress
Environmental News Service (ENS)
14 October 2011
Washington, DC - The House of Representatives today passed another bill that would prevent the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency from protecting public health.
H.R. 2273, the latest in a series of such bills approved in the past three weeks, would limit the agency's ability to regulate toxic coal ash created by coal-burning power plants.
"Poisoning people once by burning coal is bad enough. But letting these power plants expose the public a second time to their toxic wastes is inexcusable. Double-jeopardy is not the American way. Only in the Tea Party's universe can arsenic and other heavy metals escape the label of hazardous waste," said Scott Slesinger, legislative director at the nonprofit Natural Resources Defense Council.
TVA's Kingston coal ash spill one year after the incident, December 22, 2009 (Photo courtesy Greenpeace USA)
The contaminants in coal ash are known to cause bladder, kidney, liver, lung, prostate, and skin cancer.
The EPA's effort to regulate coal ash disposal began after the December 2008 coal ash spill from the Tennessee Valley Authority's Kingston Fossil generating plant in Roane County, Tennessee. Some 3.1 million cubic feet of fly ash and water spilled onto land adjacent to the plant and into the nearby Clinch and Emory Rivers when the wall of a retention pond gave way. The sludgy tidal wave destroyed several homes, ruptured a major gas line and spilled over a railway line.
The House bill would stop EPA from setting standards to require power plants to dispose of coal ash more safely at the 1,300 ash dumps around the country. Instead, the measure would treat such toxic wastes with less care than required for household trash, Slesinger said.
This bill is the latest in a coordinated attempt led by House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, a Virginia Republican, to block the EPA.
Cantor said today, "In the current economic environment, the continued threat of excessive regulations coming from this Administration creates uncertainty and hinders job growth. EPA's proposal would place more burdens on electric utilities and those industries that depend on recycled coal ash byproducts - from concrete production to road construction - which would ultimately cost billions of dollars, increase utility prices, and eliminate thousands of jobs."
Representative Ed Markey, a Massachusetts Democrat, says H.R. 2273 "takes us back to the Dark Ages."
"This Republican bill purports to be solution to what happened in Tennessee," said Markey, "It claims to create standards for coal ash containment ponds that would ensure structural integrity. But in fact it explicitly exempts these same coal ash ponds from key design requirements relating to their long-term stability."
Covanta's Detroit incinerator (Photo by j to the jeremy)
"The bill claims that states have to set up a rigorous drinking water monitoring regime and dust controls. But in fact, the bill has no legal or enforceable standard for these state programs," said Markey. "And even more, any state at any time can waive any of even these minimal permitting requirements and they don't have to tell anyone."
On Thursday, the House passed the EPA Regulatory Relief Act of 2011, H.R. 2250, which would block EPA safeguards for toxic air pollutants from incinerators and industrial boilers.
The National Association of Manufacturers represents manufacturers in every industrial sector and in all 50 states. Aric Newhouse, senior vice president for policy and government relations, said members of his organization are pleased with H.R. 2250.
"During this critical time in our nation's economic recovery, manufacturers simply cannot afford another costly and burdensome regulation that will put 230,000 jobs at risk, according to the Council of Industrial Boiler Owners," Newhouse said.
"The Boiler MACT rule will cost manufacturers more than $14 billion in valuable capital that could be spent on investments to create jobs," said Newhouse.
The House October 6 approved the Cement Sector Regulatory Relief Act of 2011, H.R. 2681, which would stop the EPA from limiting air pollution from cement plants.
According to the nonprofit Clean Air Watch, this EPA rule will eliminate more than eight tons of mercury pollution from cement plants, and will reduce particulates, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide and acid gases between 78 and 97 percent. These emissions contribute to smog and acid rain.
The Ash Grove cement plant near Baker City, Oregon (Photo by nanwinn45)
In the days prior to the passage of H.R. 2681, House Republicans met with cement industry representatives, who pressed them to consider the harm the Cement MACT Rule would do to the industry.
Immediately after the vote, House Republican Conference Chairman Jeb Hensarling of Texas, said, "The new Cement MACT rules not only threaten cement producers, but their customers as well. It's no surprise that the EPA says these rules would cost the industry an astonishing $2.2 billion, or that the Portland Cement Association has already warned Congress about the direct loss of up to 4,000 jobs after the rules' implementation."
Last month, the House passed the Transparency in Regulatory Analysis of Impacts on the Nation Act of 2011, or TRAIN Act, H.R. 2401. This measure would permanently block the EPA rules designed to curb smog and soot pollution from power plants that blows across state lines, called the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule, and to limit mercury and other toxic air pollution from power plants.
All these bills now go to the Senate for a vote, and if passed there, to the President for his signature into law.
In the Senate, the first stop for these bills will be the Environment and Public Works Committee, chaired by Senator Barbara Boxer, a California Democrat.
Emissions from a coal-fired power plant spread across the Midwest. (Photo by Etienne Boucher)
On October 6, Boxer released an EPW Committee Majority Staff Report that highlights the essential contributions that the EPA and environmental laws have made in protecting public health and promoting economic growth.
The report was prepared to refute the continuing attacks on environmental protections by House Republicans.
Complying with the nation's public health and environmental protection laws has bolstered a $300 billion a year clean technology sector that employs an estimated 1.7 million people, according to Department of Commerce figures cited in the EPW report.
Our environmental laws provide major health and economic benefits. For example, the Clean Air Act's annual benefits by 2020 are expected to prevent 230,000 premature deaths, 200,000 cases of heart attacks, 2.4 million cases of asthma attacks, 120,000 emergency room visits, and 5.4 million lost school days, according to EPA figures cited in the report.
The economic benefits of the Clean Air Act will equal about $2 trillion per year by the year 2020 if we continue enforcing the Act, according to the same EPA dataset.
As Senator Boxer has often stated, "If you can't breathe, you can't work. If you need to take your child to the hospital or if the breadwinner of the family dies prematurely, a major financial burden is placed on the family and often on society."
"The conclusion is clear," states the EPW Committee Majority Staff Report. "Our landmark environmental laws are critical to a stronger, healthier and more productive workforce - they are integral to our quality of life and support a strong economy. The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) important role was clear at its creation and is just as vital today."